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Welcome to White Pebble Dermatology practice in Columbia, Maryland, and Highland, Maryland! A cyst or pseudocyst is a non-cancerous growth on the skin that is filled with fluid or other material. They can occur anywhere on the body and can range in size from a small bump to a larger mass. In this section, we'll discuss cysts and pseudocysts in more detail and explain how our team can help you manage this condition.

What are Cysts and Pseudocysts?

Cysts and Pseudocysts are non-cancerous growths on the skin that are typically filled with fluid, pus, or other material. They can occur anywhere on the body and can range in size from a small bump to a larger mass. The primary distinction between cysts and Pseudocysts is that cysts are encapsulated by a sac, whereas pseudocysts are not. Examples of cysts include epidermoid cysts, ganglion cysts, and pilonidal cysts. Examples of pseudocysts include milia and mucous cysts on the fingers.

How are cysts and pseudocysts diagnosed?

Cysts and pseudocysts can be diagnosed clinically based on their characteristic appearance. Sometimes, an excision and histological pathology study are needed to confirm it.

Treatment Options

Most cysts and pseudocysts are harmless and don't require treatment. However, if a cyst or pseudocyst is causing discomfort, inflamed, or is cosmetically undesirable, treatment may be necessary. At our dermatology practice, we offer a variety of effective treatment options for cysts and pseudocysts, including:

  • Incision and drainage: a procedure in which the inflamed cyst is punctured and drained to relieve pressure and reduce swelling
  • Surgery: a procedure in which the cyst is surgically removed with a scalpel or other surgical tool
  • Prescriptions: topical medications and pills may be prescribed to decrease inflammation, infection and shrink the size of cysts.
  • Injections: a treatment in which a corticosteroid injection is administered directly into the cyst to reduce inflammation and shrink the cyst
  • De-roofing and extraction: this is commonly done to milia cysts.

Our team of dermatology specialists will work closely with you to determine the best treatment approach based on the size, location, and type of cyst.


Preventing cysts and pseudocysts can be challenging, as many are caused by genetic factors or other underlying conditions. We still don’t know the cause of many types of cysts. Avoiding trauma to the skin may help prevent some types of cysts.

Why Choose Us?

At our dermatology practice, we understand the impact that cysts and pseudocysts can have on your skin and your overall well-being. That's why we are committed to providing compassionate, personalized care to each and every one of our patients. Our team of experienced dermatology specialists has the knowledge and expertise to provide you with the best possible care and treatment for cysts and pseudocysts.

Cyst and pseudocyst treatment near me in Columbia, Maryland, and Highland, Maryland

Ready to Take the First Step?

If you're concerned about a cyst/pseudocyst or are interested in learning more about our treatment options, we invite you to call/text to schedule a consultation with one of our dermatology specialists. We look forward to helping you achieve healthier, clearer skin.

Other Medical Dermatology

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