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Age Spots (Sunspots): What They Are, Why They Form, and How to Address Them

Updated: Aug 30

Understanding Age Spot: Causes, Characteristics, and Treatment Age Spot, also known as a sunspot, or liver spot, is a harmless area of darkened skin that results from prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. This exposure triggers the local overgrowth of melanocytes and the accumulation of melanin within the skin cells. It is a common occurrence, particularly among individuals aged 40 and above. They are sometimes referred to as "senile freckles." Appearance of Age Spot (sunspot): What to Look For An Age Spot (sunspot) presents as a flat, well-defined patch on the skin. Its shape can be circular, oval, or irregular. The color of the patch varies, ranging from skin color and tan to dark brown or black. The size can range from a few millimeters to several centimeters in diameter. Occasionally, they may exhibit a slight scaliness. These spots tend to appear in clusters on areas that are frequently exposed to the sun, notably the face and the back of the hands. While they can be found in both light and dark skin, they are more prevalent in individuals with fair skin. Diagnosing Age Spot (sunspot) Diagnosing Age Spot (sunspot) often relies on its visual appearance. However, distinguishing an irregular Age Spot (sunspot) from melanoma, a potentially dangerous form of skin cancer, can occasionally be challenging. Dermatoscopic examination can offer clarity in the diagnosis. When uncertainty persists, a skin biopsy may be recommended to examine the tissue microscopically. Changes within Age Spot (sunspot) Within an Age Spot (sunspot), there can be localized thickening and changes in texture. They can become inflamed sometimes. Treatment Options for Age Spot (sunspot) Without intervention, Age Spot (sunspot) is likely to persist indefinitely. Cryotherapy and laser surgery are available options for their removal, though these treatments may result in temporary or permanent discoloration of the skin. Microneedling is an effective alternative treatment.

The microneedling device creates multiple pinpoint punctures on the skin. These punctures are so small that they won't leave scars. As the skin works to repair these punctures, new skin cells are generated to replace the old ones. This process also stimulates the production of new collagen and elastin, which helps make the skin appear plumper and more youthful. Fine lines and wrinkles can become smoother as a result. Additionally, microneedling breaks up pigmentation melanin, allowing the skin to absorb it into the body. Therefore, it is an effective treatment for age spots. Microneedling treatment at White Pebble Dermatology, Highland and Columbia, MD, is painless, thanks to the application of topical numbing cream.

The Perfect Derma Peel is a medium-depth chemical peel designed to diminish or eliminate hyperpigmentation, sun damage, and Melasma. It can also enhance the overall clarity, tone, and texture of your skin, enhance skin conditions related to acne, minimize acne scars, trigger collagen production, lead to firmer and more youthful skin, and minimize the visibility of pores.

Some topical treatments, such as Cysteamine cream, Niacinamide, and Tranexamic acid, have shown promise as a hyperpigmentation treatment for Age Spot (sunspot). Conversely, bleaching agents like hydroquinone have been proven ineffective.

Taking preventative measures, including minimizing sun exposure and using sunscreens, is crucial. Starting these measures early in life can significantly reduce the risk of developing an Age Spot (sunspot). By understanding the causes, characteristics, and treatment options for Age Spot (sunspot), individuals can take proactive steps to manage and minimize the impact of this common skin condition.

Age Spot (sunspot) treatment near me in Columbia, Maryland, and Highland, Maryland

Ready to Take the First Step?

If you are in need of a skin cancer screening, or you're struggling with age spots and are ready to take the first step toward healthier, clearer skin, we invite you to call/text 443-535-6616 or book online to schedule a consultation with one of our dermatology specialists. We look forward to helping you achieve your skincare goals and feel confident in your own skin!

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